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  一 Vocabulary

  1. The professor's presentation was both---and---: though brief, it was instructive.

  A. verbose...mundane

  B. concise...elaborate

  C. comprehensive...edifying

  D. succinct...enlightening

  E. provocative...technical

  2. Celia Tomlinson personifies---: she overcame poverty, language barriers, and discrimination to found, own, and operate her own engineering company.

  A. tenacity

  B. nonchalance

  C. circumspection

  D. expediency

  E. munificence

  3. Some psychologists argue that a--- of choices can be paralyzing, since too many options can impede meaningful selection.

  A. prohibition

  B. manifestation

  C. misapplication

  D. modicum

  E. plethora

  4. The respect accorded choreogapher Martha Graham by her students and colleagues alike was so great that it amounted to ---

  A. exasperation

  B. commiseration

  C. consternation

  D. reconciliation

  E. veneration

  5. Sally, thoroughly convinced of her own importance, often acts without----:she feels no guilt, for example, about appropirating her brother's posseseeions.

  A. compunction

  B. gratification

  C. aplomb

  D. indignation

  E. inducement

  6.  Nothing in the essay is----: every sentence contributes in an essential way to the

  overall meaning.

  A. cohesive

  B. querulous

  C. paramount

  D. mandatory

  E. superfluous

  7.  Cito Gaston, one of the least----baseball managers, surprised reporters by weeping openly after his team won the play-offs.

  A. somber

  B. demonstrative

  C. insufferable

  D. bountiful

  E. wistful

  8. The beared dragon lizard is a voracious eater, so---that it will consume as many insects as possible.

  A. abstemious

  B. cannibalistic

  C. slovenly

  D. insatiable

  E. unpalatable

  9. Favoring economy of expression in writing, the professor urged students toward a --- rather than an ---prose style.

  A. spare...ornate

  B. terse...opinionated

  C. personal...academic

  D. baroque...emellished

  E. repetitive...intricate

  10. The slogan 'What goes up must come down' was so universally accepted by economists that it was considered---.

  A. a conjecture

  B. an axiom

  C. a fad

  D. a testimonial

  E. an argument

  二 Grammar (improving sentences)

  11. The bite pressure of wolves, harder than German Shepherds, is about l,500 pounds per square inch.

  (A) The bite pressure of wolves, harder than German Shepherds

  (B) The bite pressure of wolves, which is harder than German Shepherds

  (C) Wolves' bite pressure, harder than those of German Shepherds

  (D) The bite pressure of wolves, harder than that of German Shepherds

  (E) Harder than German Shepherds, the bite pressure of wolves

  12. With billions of tons yet to be mined, some argue that coal conservation measures are unnecessary.

  A. With billions of tons

  B. Because billions of tons of coal are

  C. Because of coal in billions of tons

  D. By considering that there are billions of tons

  E. Aware of the coal in billions of tons

  13. Hockey fans in the 1990s saw more violence on the rink than the 1950s and 1960s.

  (A) than

  (C) than the hockey of

  (B) than did

  (D) than with the fans in

  (E) than did fans in

  14. Trying to keep her balance on the icy surface, the last competitor's ski-tip caught the pole and somersaulted into the soft snow.

  A. the last competitor's ski-tip caught the pole and somersaulted into the soft snow.

  B. the ski-tip of the last competitor caught the pole and somersaulted in the soft snow. C. the last competitor caught the pole with the tip of her ski, and somersaulted into the soft snow.

  D. the last competitor caught the pole with her ski-tip, which made her somersault into the soft snow

  E. the last competitor somersaulted into the soft snow when the tip of her ski was caught by the pole

  15. The temperature dropped suddenly last night, which will mean that the shoots emerging from the soil will be killed by the frost.

  A. which will mean that the shoots emerging from the soil will be killed by the frost.

  B. which will mean that the frost will kill the shoots emerging from the soil.

  C. and this will mean that the shoots emerging from the soil will be killed by the frost.

  D. and the resulting frost will kill the shoots that are emerging from the soil.

  E. and as a result, the shoots will be killed by the frost, emerging from the soil.

  16. The impostor eluded detection for so long because she conducted herself as though she were a licensed practitioner.

  A. as though she were a licensed practitioner.

  B. as though she was a licensed practitioner.

  C. like she was a licensed practitioner.

  D. like as if she was a licensed practitioner.

  E. as if she was a practitioner with a license.

  17. Being abandoned by our friends is the cause of great sorrow for us.

  A. Being abandoned by our friends is the cause of great sorrow for us.

  B. Our being abandoned by our friends is the cause of great sorrow.

  C. Being abandoned by our friends, we feel great sorrow.

  D. Abandoned by our friends, sorrow is the result.

  E. We feel great sorrow when our friends abandon us.

  18. Among the many reasons for his defeat in the election was his arrogant assumption that his constituents were incapable of understanding economic conditions, and his unwarranted attack on his chief opponent.

  A. was his arrogant assumption that his constituents were incapable of understanding economic conditions

  B. were his arrogant assumption that his constituents were incapable of understanding economic conditions

  C. were his arrogant assumptions that his constituents were incapable of understanding economical conditions

  D. were his arrogant assumption that his constituents would be incapable of understanding economics

  E. was the arrogant assumption that his constituents was incapable of understanding economic conditions

  19. More and more holidaymakers are choosing to fly to remote islands in search of the perfect beach seeking sand, sun and palm trees, rather than centers of entertainment.

  A. seeking sand, sun and palm trees, rather than centers of entertainment.

  B. seeking sad, sun, palm trees and not entertainment

  C. with sand, sun, palm trees and no entertainment.

  D. they seek sand, sun and palm trees, rather than entertainment centers.

  E. they seek sand, sun and palm trees, rather than centers of entertainment.

  20. The government requires that these forms should be submitted before the end of the financial year.

  A. that these forms should be submitted

  B. that these forms be submitted

  C. for these forms to be submitted

  D. these forms submission

  E. these forms should be submitted

  21. After arduous months of fighting, the sight of the white flag being raised generated as much relief on the victor's side than it did on the vanquished.

  A. as much relief on the victor's side than it did on the vanquished.

  B. as much relief among the victors as among the vanquished.

  C. as much relief on the victor's side as it did on the vanquished's.

  D. relief both on the victor's side as well as on the vanquished's

  E. relief both for the victor and the vanquished side.

  22. The best way to encourage innovative thinking is not to promise financial rewards for ideas, but to ensure that the person making the suggestion receives recognition for his contribution

  A. but to ensure that the person making the suggestion receives recognition for his contribution.

  B. but to ensure that the person who makes the suggestion will be receiving recognition for his contribution.

  C. but rather by ensuring that the person making the suggestion receives recognition for his contribution.

  D. but rather ensure that suggestion-maker receives recognition for his contribution

  E. but instead make sure that the suggestion-maker will receive recognition

  23. It ought to be her with whom you share your secrets, not me.

  A. her with whom you share your secrets, not me

  B. her with whom you share your secrets, not I.

  C. she with whom you share your secrets, not me.

  D. she with whom you share your secrets, not I.

  E. her with who you share your secrets, not me.

  三 Reading

  The excerpt is taken from a novel. Mr. Harding, now an old man, has lost his position as the Warden of a hospital for old men. He has just come from an unsuccessful interview with Mr. Slope concerning his reappointment to the position.sat

  Mr. Harding was not a happy man as he walked down

  the palace pathway, and stepped out into the close. His

  position and pleasant house were a second time

  gone from him; but that he could endure. He had been

  5 schooled and insulted by a man young enough to be

  his son; but that he could put up with. He could even

  draw from the very injuries which had been inflicted

  on him some of that consolation which, we may

  believe, martyrs always receive from the injustice of

  10 their own sufferings. He had admitted to his daughter

  that he wanted the comfort of his old home, and yet he

  could have returned to his lodgings in the High Street,

  if not with exultation, at least with satisfaction, had

  that been all. But the venom of the chaplain's

  15 harangue had worked into his blood, and sapped the

  life of his sweet contentment.

  'New men are carrying out new measures, and

  are carting away the useless rubbish of past centuries!'

  What cruel words these had been- and how often are

  20 they now used with all the heartless cruelty of a

  Slope! A man is sufficiently condemned if it can only

  be shown that either in politics or religion he does not

  belong to some new school established within the last

  score of years. He may then regard himself as rubbish

  25 and expect to be carted away. A man is nothing now

  unless he has within him a full appreciation of the

  new era; an era in which it would seem that neither

  honesty nor truth is very desirable, but in which

  success is the only touchstone of merit. We must

  30 laugh at everything that is established. Let the joke be

  ever so bad, ever so untrue to the real principles of

  joking; nevertheless we must laugh - or else beware

  the cart. We must talk, think, and live up to the spirit

  of the times, or else we are nought. New men and new

  35 measures, long credit and few scruples, great success

  or wonderful ruin, such are now the tastes of

  Englishmen who know how to live! Alas, alas! Under

  such circumstances Mr. Harding could not but feel

  that he was an Englishman who did not know how to

  40 live. This new doctrine of Mr. Slope and the rubbish

  cart sadly disturbed his equanimity.

  'The same thing is going on throughout the

  whole country!' 'Work is now required from every

  man who receives wages!' And had he been living all

  45 his life receiving wages, and doing no work? Had he

  in truth so lived as to be now in his old age justly

  reckoned as rubbish fit only to be hidden away in

  some huge dust-hole? The school of men to whom he

  professes to belong, the Grantlys, the Gwynnes, are

  50 afflicted with no such self-accusations as these which

  troubled Mr. Harding. They, as a rule, are as satisfied

  with the wisdom and propriety of their own conduct

  as can be any Mr. Slope, or any Bishop with his own.

  But, unfortunately for himself, Mr. Harding had little

  55 of this self-reliance. When he heard himself

  designated as rubbish by the Slopes of the world, he

  had no other resource than to make inquiry within his

  own bosom as to the truth of the designation. Alas,

  alas! the evidence seemed generally to go against him.

  24. The main cause of Mr. Harding’s unhappiness as he leaves the Bishop’s Palace is

  A. the loss of his house B. the loss of his position

  C. the need to live with his daughter

  D. the thought-provoking words of the chaplain E. the injustice he has suffered

  25. It can be inferred that Slope is

  A. the chaplain B. the Bishop C. a foreigner

  D. a politician E. a young writer

  26. The word ‘equanimity’ (line 41) most nearly means

  A. status B. happiness C. justice

  D. complacency E. composure

  27. It can be inferred that Mr Harding is especially disturbed because he

  A. does not feel himself to be old

  B. is offended by the young man’s impertinence

  C. believes no one else feels as he does

  D. believe his life’s work has been worthwhile

  E. feels there may be some truth in regarding himself as ‘rubbish’

  28. Mr. Harding differs from others of his ‘school’ (line 49) because they

  A. do not believe Slope B. have never been called ‘rubbish’

  C. are sure their conduct is irreproachable

  D. have already examined their consciences sat

  E. feel that Mr. Harding is not one of them

  29. The tone of the sentence 'New men....live' (lines 34-37) is

  A. objective B. ironic C. derogatory

  D. expository E. ambivalent

  30. The first two sentences of paragraph 3 relate the

  A. words of Mr. Slope B. thoughts of Mr. Harding

  C. view of the old school of men D. viewpoint of the author

  E. opinions of all young men

答题区
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.