你的时间还有    29:59
Q1:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

  1. Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static
  2. Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being relatively simple and static
  3. Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were relatively simple and static
  4. Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were relatively simple and static
  5. Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being relatively simple and static
Answer:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q2:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

  1. each a roof of poles and arrowweed
  2. each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
  3. with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
  4. with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
  5. with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are
Answer:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q3:
Spanish poet Juan Ramón Jiménez, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1956, so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, he destroyed every copy he could find.

  1. so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, he destroyed
  2. and was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections that he destroyed
  3. in his later years he was so embarrassed by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, destroying
  4. was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections that he destroyed
  5. because he was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, destroying
Answer:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q4 to Q6:
The idea that equipping homes
with electrical appliances and other
“modern” household technologies
Linewould eliminate drudgery, save labor
(5)time, and increase leisure for women
who were full-time home workers
remained largely unchallenged until
the women’s movement of the 1970’s
spawned the groundbreaking and
(10)influential works of sociologist Joann
Vanek and historian Ruth Cowan.
Vanek analyzed 40 years of time-
use surveys conducted by home
economists to argue that electrical
(15)appliances and other modern house-
hold technologies reduced the effort
required to perform specific tasks,
but ownership of these appliances did
not correlate with less time spent on
(20)housework by full-time home workers.
In fact, time spent by these workers
remained remarkably constant―at
about 52 to 54 hours per week―from
the 1920’s to the 1960’s, a period
(25)of significant change in household
technology.In surveying two
centuries of household technology
in the United States, Cowan argued
that the “industrialization” of the home
(30)often resulted in more work for full-time
home workers because the use of
such devices as coal stoves, water
pumps, and vacuum cleaners tended
to reduce the workload of married-
  1. women’s helpers (husbands, sons,
daughters, and servants) while
promoting a more rigorous standard
of housework.The full-time home
worker’s duties also shifted to include
  1. more household management, child
care, and the post-Second World War
phenomenon of being “Mom’s taxi.”
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q4:
According to the passage, which of the following is true about the idea mentioned in line 1?

  1. It has been undermined by data found in time-use surveys conducted by home economists.
  2. It was based on a definition of housework that was explicitly rejected by Vanek and Cowan.
  3. It is more valid for the time period studied by Cowan than for the time period studied by Vanek.
  4. It is based on an underestimation of the time that married women spent on housework prior to the industrialization of the household.
  5. It inaccurately suggested that new household technologies would reduce the effort required to perform housework.
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5:
The passage is primarily concerned with

  1. analyzing a debate between two scholars
  2. challenging the evidence on which a new theory is based
  3. describing how certain scholars’ work countered a prevailing view
  4. presenting the research used to support a traditional theory
  5. evaluating the methodology used to study a particular issue
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q6:
The passage suggests that Vanek and Cowan would agree that modernizing household technology did not

  1. reduce the workload of servants and other household helpers
  2. raise the standard of housework that women who were full-time home workers set for themselves
  3. decrease the effort required to perform household tasks
  4. reduce the time spent on housework by women who were full-time home workers
  5. result in a savings of money used for household maintenance
Answer:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q7 to Q10:
In recent years, Western
business managers have been
heeding the exhortations of busi-
Lineness journalists and academics
(5)to move their companies toward
long-term, collaborative “strategic
partnerships” with their external
business partners (e.g., suppliers).
The experts’ advice comes as
(10)a natural reaction to numerous
studies conducted during the past
decade that compared Japanese
production and supply practices
with those of the rest of the world.
(15)The link between the success of
a certain well-known Japanese
automaker and its effective
management of its suppliers, for
example, has led to an unques-
(20)tioning belief within Western
management circles in the value
of strategic partnerships.Indeed,
in the automobile sector all three
United States manufacturers and
(25)most of their European competitors
have launched programs to reduce
their total number of suppliers and
move toward having strategic
partnerships with a few.
(30)However, new research con-
cerning supplier relationships in
various industries demonstrates
that the widespread assumption of
Western managers and business
(35)consultants that Japanese firms
manage their suppliers primarily
through strategic partnerships is
unjustified.Not only do Japanese
firms appear to conduct a far
(40)smaller proportion of their busi-
ness through strategic partnerships
than is commonly believed, but
they also make extensive use of
“market-exchange” relationships,
(45)in which either party can turn to
the marketplace and shift to dif-
ferent business partners at will,
a practice usually associated
with Western manufacturers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q7:
The passage is primarily concerned with

  1. examining economic factors that may have contributed to the success of certain Japanese companies
  2. discussing the relative merits of strategic partnerships as compared with those of market-exchange relationship
  3. challenging the validity of a widely held assumption about how Japanese firms operate
  4. explaining why Western companies have been slow to adopt a particular practice favored by Japanese companies
  5. pointing out certain differences between Japanese and Western supplier relationships
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q8:
According to the passage, the advice referred to in line 9 was a response to which of the following?

  1. A recent decrease in the number of available suppliers within the United States automobile industry
  2. A debate within Western management circles during the past decade regarding the value of strategic partnerships
  3. The success of certain European automobile manufacturers that have adopted strategic partnerships
  4. An increase in demand over the past decade for automobiles made by Western manufacturers
  5. Research comparing Japanese business practices with those of other nations
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q9:
The author mentions “the success of a certain well-known Japanese automaker” (lines 15-17) most probably in order to

  1. demonstrate some of the possible reasons for the success of a certain business practice
  2. cite a specific case that has convinced Western business experts of the value of a certain business practice
  3. describe specific steps taken by Western automakers that have enabled them to compete more successfully in a global market
  4. introduce a paradox about the effect of a certain business practice in Japan
  5. indicate the need for Western managers to change their relationships with their external business partners
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q10:
Which of the following is most clearly an example of the practice referred to in lines 38-49 of the passage?

  1. A department store chain that employs a single buyer to procure all the small appliances to be sold in its stores
  2. An automobile manufacturer that has used the same supplier of a particular axle component for several years in a row
  3. A hospital that contracts only with union personnel to staff its nonmedical positions
  4. A municipal government that decides to cancel its contract with a waste disposal company and instead hire its own staff to perform that function
  5. A corporation that changes the food-service supplier for its corporate headquarters several times over a five-year period as part of a cost-cutting campaign.
Answer:
答题区
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.