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  1. ____ in the United States began in the eighteenth century, when individuals, merchants, and colonial governments loaned money to one another.

  A. Banking

  B. When banking

  C. It was banking

  D. Banking was

  2. The trumpet is ___ of most dance and jazz bands

  A. a part is important

  B. partly important

  C. what part is important

  D. an important part

  3. Most whole milk undergoes homogenization, ___ hot milk is pumped through valves to break up and permanently disperse the fat globules.

  A. a process

  B. which process

  C. a process in which

  D. which is a process

  4. In 1865 the astronomer Maria Mitchell became ____ appointed to the faculty of Vassar College.

  A. as the first woman

  B. the first woman was

  C. the first woman

  D. being the first woman

  George Washington Carver___ international fame for revolutionizing agriculture research in the southern United States during the early twentieth century.

  A. won

  B. winning

  C. who has won

  D. the winner of

  5. Elementary schools in the United States provide formal education____ arithmetic, science, social science, and communication skills that including reading, writing, spelling, and speaking.

  A. such subjects as basic in

  B. as basic subjects in such

  C. in such basic subjects in

  D. as in such basic subjects

  6. ____ land and money enabled construction of the union pacific railroad to begin from Council Bluffs, Iowa, in 1865.

  A. By the government granting of

  B. Government grants of

  C. For the government to grant

  D. Government grants so that

  7. Green plants combine ___ with water and carbon dioxide to make food.

  A. energy derived from light

  B. energy, derived it from light

  C. energy is derived from light

  D. from light, and energy derived

  8. From the archeologist’s perspective, understanding the past is vitally important and requires ____ of earlier culture.

  A. the ruins examined

  B. examining the ruins

  C. of the ruins to be examined

  D. that the examined ruins

  9. The Texas Legislature selected Vassar Miller ___ in 1982, and again in 1988.

  A. was the state’s poet laureate

  B. as the state’s poet laureate

  C. the state’s peat laureate

  D. become the state’s poet laureate

  10. The distinguishing feature of a fluid, in contrast to a solid, is the ease____.

  A. that a deformed fluid

  B. to deform a fluid

  C. when a fluid that is deformed

  D. with which a fluid may be deformed

  11. Many scientists believe ___ as a result of a collision between the newly formed earth and a large asteroid.

  A. that the Moon was formed

  B. in that the Moon was formed

  C. that the Moon formed was

  D. when the Moon was formed

  12. Willa Cather, ____, gained recognition for her books concerning the American frontier.

  A. a novelist and Pulitzer prizewinning

  B. a Pulitzer prizewinning novelist

  C. a Pulitzer prizewinning novelist who

  D. was a Pulitzer prizewinning novelist

  13. Learning that takes place in infancy provides the ___ for the eventual transformation of a child into an adult.

  A. foundation is necessary

  B. necessary foundation is

  C. necessary in the foundation

  D. foundation necessary

  14. In 1989 Carret Hongo was chosen as ___ for the Pulitzer Prize in poetry.

  A. his being one of the finalists

  B. to be one of the finalists

  C. one of the finalists

  D. the one finalist who

  15. It was novelist and poet ____ in 1968 founded Jackson State University’s Institute for the Stud of the History, Life, and Culture of Black People.

  A. Margaret Walker did

  B. Margaret Walker

  C. Margaret Walker who

  D. Margaret Walker and

  16. In western North America, ____ form the Great Divide, which separates the areas from which waters flow either eastward to the Atlantic or westward to the pacific.

  A. the Rocky Mountains

  B. where the Rock Mountains

  C. the Rocky Mountains in which

  D. there are the Rocky Mountains

  17. The Hawaiian alphabet, introduced by missionaries in the 1820’s, ____ and only seven consonants.

  A. the five vowel consist of

  B. consisting of the vowels

  C. that consists of five vowels

  D. consists of five vowels

  Correct answer: D

  18. Working like a telescope, ____ the size of objects at great distances.

  A. which magnifies a telephoto lens

  B. a telephoto lens magnifies

  C. a telephoto lens which magnifies

  D. and magnifying a telephoto lens

  19. The early years of the United States government were characterized by a debate concerning ____ or individual states should have more power.

  A. whether the federal government

  B. either the federal government

  C. that the federal government

  D. the federal government

  20. Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal Program included ____ designed to provide relief and counteract the effects of the economic depression that had begun in 1929.

  A. measures were temporary

  B. in temporary measures

  C. temporary and measures

  D. temporary measures

  21. By means of various types of wind tunnels, ___ simulate most of the flight conditions to which an airplane is subjected.

  A. which aeronautical engineers can

  B. aeronautical engineers can

  C. the ability of aeronautical engineers to

  D. aeronautical engineers, being able to

  22. Not until 1931 ____ the official anthem of the United States.

  A. “The Star-spangled Banner” did become

  B. when “The Star-spangled Banner” became

  C. did “The Star-spangled Banner” become

  D. became “The Star-spangled Banner”

  二:英语文章理解

  Paragraph 1: The transition from forest to treeless tundra on a mountain slope is often a dramatic one. Within a vertical distance of just a few tens of meters, trees disappear as a life-form and are replaced by low shrubs, herbs, and grasses. This rapid zone of transition is called the upper timberline or tree line. In many semiarid areas there is also a lower timberline where the forest passes into steppe or desert at its lower edge, usually because of a lack of moisture.

  24. The word “dramatic” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. gradual

  B. complex

  C. visible

  D. striking

  25. Where is the lower timberline mentioned in paragraph 1 likely to be found?

  A. In an area that has little water

  B. In an area that has little sunlight

  C. Above a transition area

  D. On a mountain that has on upper timberline.

  26. Which of the following can be inferred from this paragraph about both the upper and lower timberlines?

  A. Both are treeless zones.

  B. Both mark forest boundaries.

  C. Both are surrounded by desert areas.

  D. Both suffer from a lack of moisture.

  Paragraph 2: At the upper timberline the trees begin to become twisted and deformed. This is particularly true for trees in the middle and upper latitudes, which tend to attain greater heights on ridges, whereas in the tropics the trees reach their greater heights in the valleys. This is because middle- and upper- latitude timberlines are strongly influenced by the duration and depth of the snow cover. As the snow is deeper and lasts longer in the valleys, trees tend to attain greater heights on the ridges, even though they are more exposed to high-velocity winds and poor, thin soils there. In the tropics, the valleys appear to be more favorable because they are less prone to dry out, they have less frost, and they have deeper soils.

  27. The word “attain” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. require

  B. resist

  C. achieve

  D. endure

  28. The word “they” in the passage refers to

  A. valleys

  B. trees

  C. heights

  D. ridges

  29. The word “prone” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. adapted

  B. likely

  C. difficult

  D. resistant

  30. According to paragraph 3, which of the following is true of trees in the middle and upper latitudes?

  A. Tree growth is negatively affected by the snow cover in valleys.

  B. Tree growth is greater in valleys than on ridges.

  C. Tree growth on ridges is not affected by high-velocity winds.

  D. Tree growth lasts longer in those latitudes than it does in the tropics.

答题区
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