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托福阅读复合句分析

2016-02-29 10:10:00  来源:  【
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  托福阅读复合句分析

  教学部:李浩

  The companies building the canals to transport coal needed surveyors to help them find the coal deposits worth mining as well as to determine the best courses for the canals.(TPO-6)

  面对这种句中没有标点符号的长句,最重要的是找出谓语动词。

  分句1:The companies needed surveyors to help them find the coal deposits worth mining.

  公司需要勘测员帮助他们探寻值得挖掘的煤矿矿床。

  分句2: building是现在分词做定语 the companies building the canals 建造运河来运煤的公司

  分句3: as well as 表示并列句 to determine the best course of the canals 并决定最佳的运河线路。

  注意:be worth doing / be worthy of doing

  Few of the cultural traditions and rules that today allow us to deal with dense populations existed for these people accustomed to household autonomy and the ability to move around the landscape almost at will.(TPO-24)

  很少有(这样的)文化传统与规则,(它们)现今能够帮助我们适应高密度人口(的情况),(过去也)能存在于(那些)习惯于家庭自治并有能力随意在大地上迁徙的这些人群中。

  分句1:Few of the cultural traditions and rulesexisted for these people.

  很少有文化传统和规则存在于这些人群中。

  分句2:定语从句the cultural traditions and rulesthat today allow us to deal with dense populations这些文化传统与规则现今能够帮助我们适应高密度人口。

  分句3:accustomed作后置定语people accustomed to household autonomy and the ability to move around the landscape almost at will.习惯于家庭自治并有能力随意在大地上迁徙的这些人群

  But as more and more accumulations of strata were cataloged in more and more places, it became clear that the sequences of rocks sometimes differed from region to region and that no rock type was ever going to become a reliable time marker throughout the world.( TPO-6)

  但是,随着越来越多的岩层累积物在越来越多的地方被记录在册,一个事实变得清晰:岩层顺序因地区的不同而不同;全世界没有一种岩层能成为可靠地时间标志。

  分句1:as引导的时间状语从句:as more and more accumulations of strata were cataloged in more and more places随着越来越多的岩层累积物在越来越多的地方被记录在册。

  分句2:形式主语it became clear that 事情变得很清楚

  分句3:the sequences of rocks sometimes differed from region to region岩层顺序因地区的不同而不同。

  分句4:no rock type was ever going to become a reliable time marker throughout the world全世界没有一种岩层能成为可靠地时间标志。

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